How to prevent common cold in toddlers

vitolda klein L8oEIAZ59 g unsplash
vitolda klein L8oEIAZ59 g unsplash

Most children experience at least 6-8 cold episodes a year, and most recover spontaneously. There are more than 200 cold viruses, but rhinoviruses often cause this condition. There is no vaccine against this, and antibiotics do not work in most cases.

Colds, like most viral infections, need to carry out that course. Children recover spontaneously from the cold and disappear within a week or two. So if you are wondering How to prevent common colds in toddlers, you are on the right post.

Babies are especially vulnerable to colds. One of the reasons is that they are often with older children. They also have not yet developed immunity to many common infectious diseases. Common cold in pediatrics ppt will elaborate more about this problem.

Cold symptoms in toddlers:

When a child catches a cold, it begins with a general illness, followed by these symptoms:

  • Runny nose
  • Crusty or Watery eyes
  • sneeze
  • Fatigue
  • Fussiness
  • Fever (sometimes)
  • sore throat
  • cough
  • Decreased appetite or loss of appetite
  • Vomiting and diarrhea
  • Trouble sleeping

Toddler cold or covid:

Before COVID-19, many parents expected their children to catch a cold during the colder months. However, during a pandemic, the same symptoms can be a sign of COVID-19. So how do you know if your child has a cold or COVID-19? Much research is still needed to understand how COVID-19 affects children entirely, but current studies show that children have most of the widespread complications of the coronavirus.

Colds rarely require emergency treatment. However, if your child’s symptoms persist for more than ten days, it is necessary to consult a pediatrician immediately.

You can differentiate both from more symptoms of COVID

Symptoms of COVID-19

  • Unusual and uncontrolled cough.
  • Sore throat
  • Body and muscle pain
  • Headache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Abnormal fatigue
  • Dyspnea
  • Cold tremors and fever above 100.4 ° F.
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Stomachache
  • Poor appetite
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea

If your child is two years old and has some cold symptoms but no fever, and you think whether it’s a cold or COVID? Well, 2 year-old cough and runny nose no fever covid cases are sporadic. But it is possible that a person could have COVID without fever or any other symptoms. You should consult a specialist if the symptoms persist for more than a week.

Treatment of common cold:

Keep your child at home:

Keep your child at home and avoid regular activities such as school until the child feels good and has no fever for at least 24 hours.


Rest can help your child recover quickly. Keep your child warm and rested. Good rest can help your child’s body strengthen immunity. Lift the child’s head with a pillow to relieve a stuffy nose. 

Keep hydrated:

If your kid is deficient in water due to fever, vomiting, runny nose, etc. You should give him plenty of liquid such as water, apple juice, soup, tea, herbs, etc. Drinking water will also smooth your child’s throat. If you are breastfeeding your baby, you should continue to do so. Breast milk protects your child from infection.


Use a cold humidifier to keep the air in your child’s room moist and reduce your child’s chest and nose stuffiness.

Hot steam:

Make your kid sit in the bathroom with a hot shower so your child can inhale the steam and clean the closed nose. If your child is too young, you can put your child on your lap and sit near a hot shower.

Saline Nose Spray:

You can use a nasal spray to wet your child’s nostrils. They are generally safe for children. Pour a few drops of saline into your baby’s nostrils twice daily.

Clean nasal mucus:

Keep your baby’s nose clean with a rubber syringe or aspirator. Teach children over the age of 5 to blow their noses regularly.


Gargling with warm salt water can help relieve sore throats and loosen mucus in children over six.


Rubbing Vaseline on your child’s nose will not crack it. Never rub the inside of your child’s nostrils.

Fever control:

Loosen your child’s clothes or use a light blanket to prevent overheating. Spraying lukewarm water can relieve discomfort and lower body temperature. However, avoid it if your child is too cold.


The medicines are not recommended for colds unless your doctor advises you otherwise.

And should avoid giving medicines to your child younger than four years old.

Cough medicine:

A child coughs because the trachea is inflamed or has a lot of mucus. Expectorants or some other cough medicines can cause relief symptoms to some extent.


These medicines can cause side effects such as rapid heartbeat, insomnia. They help to soothe some symptoms but should be avoided.


You can think of giving some antibiotics to your child, but you shouldn’t.

As it is a viral infection, there is no best antibiotic for cold and cough for a child.

Cold in children is a common issue. As it is a viral infection, your children will get rid of it automatically after some days. All you have to do is take some precautionary measures and try the remedies we have discussed above. 

But if the symptoms persist for more than a week, you should consult a child specialist. You can visit Marham. Pk to book an appointment with the best pediatrician. On the site of Marham, you will have access to the best doctors in your area. Visit the site as soon as possible if you want to consult with an expert and book an appointment with the child specialists in Karachi.


How to treat a cold in a 2 year old?

  • Keep hydrated
  • Use Saline spray
  • Use a cold humidifier
  • Apply Vaseline to the nose to reduce roughness.

How to treat a cold in a 3 year old?

  • Provides liquid.
  • turn on a cool dehumidifier
  • Use nasal saline
  • provide cold or frozen food and drinks
  • Gargle with saltwater

Should I worry if my toddler keeps getting colds every 2 weeks?

No, it is not of much worry. You should make strict observations of your toddler’s daily routine and diet and make the changes accordingly. If still, you have confusion, you can consult a specialist.


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